Surely you know many ways to take care of your body (eat healthy, exercise regularly, do regular medical check-ups, etc.) but what about the health of your gums? A correct oral hygiene and going to the dentist on a regular basis is as important as monitoring our cholesterol levels but, preventing periodontitis (or periodontal disease), is one of the most important aspects to maintain the health of your mouth. Therefore, you should familiarize yourself with the symptoms of periodontal disease in each of its phases in order to prevent it.
Periodontal disease has 3 main phases depending on how advanced it is: gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. Although your dentist is the only one who can give you a true diagnosis, it is important to be able to recognize the symptoms of each phase.
Symptoms of Gingivitis
This first phase is the most common (one in two people over 30 years suffers), but it is also reversible. The most common symptoms of gingivitis are:
- Red and inflamed gums
- Gums that bleed easily when brushing or flossing
- Gum line somewhat retracted
- Bad breath
Symptoms of Periodontitis
In this phase of periodontal disease, gingivitis has progressed to a more serious state known as periodontitis. The result is damage to the soft tissues of the gum and loss of the bone that holds the teeth. The most common symptoms of periodontitis are:
- Gums inflamed and bright red
- Touch sensitive gums
- Spaces developing between the teeth and causing the formation of periodontal pockets
- Pus formation between the teeth and gums
- Bad breath or bad taste in the mouth
- Mobility in some tooth
Symptoms of advanced Periodontitis
This last phase of periodontal disease is the most serious and is characterized by an irreversible loss of bone and the rest of the tissues that support the tooth. The teeth move and extraction may be necessary to eliminate the infection. The most common symptoms of advanced Periodontitis are:
- Chronic bad breath
- Bleeding and inflamed gums
- Severe retraction of the gums due to bone loss
- Deep periodontal bags
- Teeth that move
Periodontal disease can be a long and tedious process that turns what was once a beautiful smile into a mouth that requires undergoing surgical procedures. But this does not have to be the case, knowing and recognizing the symptoms in time allows us to prevent the irreversible damages caused by this disease.
Consult with your dentist to prepare a prevention plan and oral hygiene to combat gingivitis, reduce plaque and strengthen the enamel of the teeth. Do not forget to regularly perform a professional dental cleaning in the office to remove plaque, tartar and fight infection. It is the best insurance that exists for the health of your mouth.
Today more teeth are lost in adults due to periodontal disease, than for any other cause. With an annual prophylaxis performed by a competent professional this would change dramatically.